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Silencil Ingredients Reviews-What are ABS risk factors for hypoglycemia?

por fiona basil (18-05-2021)


Glucose is the main source of energy for the brain and the other organs of our body. When blood glucose levels fall below normal limits, that is, when the glucose concentration is less than 70 mg / dl, it is said that we are in the presence of hypoglycemia.

When the supply of glucose in the body decreases, a series of compensatory mechanisms are activated, which allow the body to recover the energy necessary for the functioning of the organs. These compensatory mechanisms generate symptoms typical of hypoglycemia.

It is relevant to say that the symptoms of hypoglycemia will depend on the severity of the glucose deficiency. So the lower the blood glucose levels, the more severe the symptoms.

What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?

The symptoms of hypoglycemia can vary from one person to another, depending on the frequency of their occurrence, the way that appears hypoglycemia and blood sugar levels. In other words, if a person is hypoglycemic on a daily basis, they may tolerate lower blood glucose levels than someone else who is hypoglycemic for the first time.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia are described in Whipple's triad, characterized by low blood glucose levels, onset of symptoms, and disappearance of symptoms as blood glucose levels improve.

In the context of mild hypoglycemia (glucose levels between 70 to 55 mg / dl), symptoms such as sudden hunger, distal tremor, tingling in the hands and face, anxiety, tachycardia and sweating (due to the release of catecholamines as a compensatory response). At this stage, mild neurological symptoms such as tiredness and headache (or headache) may also appear.

Faced with moderate hypoglycemia (between 55 and 40 mg / dl), the symptoms described above are accentuated, associating mucous skin paleness, drowsiness, dizziness, ringing in the ears and blurred vision. The neurological symptoms in this stage are caused by changes in behavior associated with states of irritability, poor expressiveness or slow language (bradylalia).

When the decrease in blood glucose continues and hypoglycemia becomes severe (less than 40 mg / dl), neuroglycopenia occurs, the brain being the main affected organ, the patient becomes stuporous, with incoherent language, and may even present seizures and loss of consciousness (fainting and coma) leading to death.

How are compensatory responses to hypoglycemia activated?

By decreasing the concentration of glucose in the blood, the sensor mechanisms at the level of the central and peripheral nervous system are activated, sending signals to the hypothalamus.

These signals activate glucose-regulated neurons, which, in turn, send chemical signals that produce a decrease in insulin secretion and an increase in glucagon production in the pancreas, as well as increase adrenaline production, which generates an increase in glucose synthesis. in the muscles and the production of fatty acids that are converted into glucose by the liver.

Some of these chemical responses translate into symptoms, for example, the release of adrenaline produces vasodilation (sweating and paleness), tachycardia, tremors, a tingling sensation, among others.

What are the risks of hypoglycemia?

The main risks of hypoglycemia are related to the loss of brain function.

When not enough glucose supply reaches the brain, the synaptic signals necessary for its functioning are not established, so they are lost from the higher mental functions (thought, behavior, memory, attention, etc.) to the temperature regulating centers (there may be hypothermia), the regulatory center of respiration (there may even be respiratory arrest) and the regulatory center of sleep (drwsiness, stupor), among others.

When there is a severe drop in blood glucose, seizures can occur (due to the alteration of the excitability of the cerebral cortex) and once extreme levels of glucose in the blood are reached, total loss of consciousness and coma occurs, even this state can be lethal.

Why do hypoglycemia occur?

There are many causes of hypoglycemia, the main one being prolonged fasting and the decompensation of diabetes due to infectious or ischemic states. Other causes are: increased insulin levels in hyperinsulinism (for example, in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) in an insulinoma or an insulin-secreting tumor, kidney failure (which conditions that insulin circulates for a longer time in the blood because it is not adequately purified at the kidney level), diabetic patients with excess doses of insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents, use of alcohol, liver failure, excessive exercise, bariatric surgery, among others.

If you have had any of these symptoms it is important to see your doctor to rule out an underlying cause of hypoglycemia.

The sound of buzzing or ringing in your ears in the absence of audible noise can be annoying. The symptom caused by a medical condition called tinnitus. Ear sounds may mimic noises, such as buzzing, ringing, clicking, hissing, clanging or wheezing. They can be present in one or both ears, constant or intermittent. Ear sounds are a common occurrence that can range in severity from being a nuisance to being a symptom of a medical emergency that should be evaluated immediately. Silencil Ingredients Reviews